Transport networks form the backbone of a globalising world and with climate change being a central concern now more than ever, it is time to attune the flow of people and goods to the needs of the planet.
Globally, transport accounts for 24% of CO2 emissions from energy and 45.1 percent of transport emissions come from passenger vehicles . While transport has not been enlisted as a distinct SDG, the data provided clearly points to the central role this sector plays in the fulfilment of other SDGs notably SDG 7 (affordable and clean energy) and SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities).
The domain is further complicated by the fact that good and services related to mobility (such as vehicular ownership and use, visits to exotic locations/places of high mass consumption etc.) often serve as a positional good influencing not just patterns of mobility but also policies for infrastructural development. While shared mobility or smart mobility are often put forward as solutions to the challenges of sustainable mobility, their applicability in rapidly urbanising city-regions in developing countries need further analysis.
In light of these complex interdependencies, how do we define and/or transition to sustainable mobility keeping equitable access for the people and planetary concerns at the centre?